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(N) Parts of the Nervous System

(N) Parts of the Nervous System

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n. nervous system

Definition of nervous system in English

Group of organs and structures consisting mainly of neurons, which receives, processes, and responds to information from within and around the body to ensure its proper functioning.

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n. spinal cord

Definition of spinal cord in English

Tubular bundle of nervous tissue, located in the vertebral canal, responsible for transmiting nerve impulses from the brain to the rest of the body through the spinal nerves and collecting the sensory information that the nerves receive.

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n. cerebrum

Definition of cerebrum in English

Largest structure of the encephalon, composed of nerve tissue, which centralizes cognitive and emotional functions and controls the majority of vital functions.

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n. brain

Definition of brain in English

Part of the central nervous system in vertebrates, protected inside the cranial cavity, composed of the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the brainstem.

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n. cerebellum

Definition of cerebellum in English

Posterior part of the encephalon, consisting of a mass of nerve tissue with the main functions of coordinating the muscles, ensuring balance, and controlling involuntary movements.

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n. hypothalamus

Definition of hypothalamus in English

Central portion of the base of the vertebrate brain, which regulates the endocrine system and various processes of the autonomic nervous system.

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n. brainstem

Definition of brainstem in English

Part of the brain which connects the cerebrum and the cerebellum to the spinal cord.

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n. meninx

Definition of meninx in English

Membrane that covers the entire central nervous system, serving to protect it.

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n. pineal gland

Definition of pineal gland in English

Small endocrine gland, centrally located in the vertebrate brain, whose primary function is the production of melatonin in order to regulate sleep patterns.

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n. pituitary gland

Definition of pituitary gland in English

Gland located at the base of the vertebrate brain, whose main function is to maintain homeostasis through the endogenous secretion of hormones.