In which language do you want to take the challenge?

Did you know you can learn Spanish using the WordList app?

Download it in you device and you will be able to take more challenges, save your progress, compete with others and learn Spanish in an innovative way!

Google badge icon

Learn vocabulary with flashcards

(N) Parts of the Nervous System

(N) Partes del sistema nervioso

(N) Partes del sistema nervioso
See more

n. nervous system

Translation: sistema nervioso

Definition of nervous system in English

Group of organs and structures consisting mainly of neurons, which receives, processes, and responds to information from within and around the body to ensure its proper functioning.

Definition of nervous system in Spanish

Conjunto de órganos y estructuras, formados principalmente por neuronas, encargados de recibir, procesar y responder a la información procedente del entorno y del propio cuerpo para asegurar su correcto funcionamiento.

See more

n. spinal cord

Translation: médula espinal

Definition of spinal cord in English

Tubular bundle of nervous tissue, located in the vertebral canal, responsible for transmiting nerve impulses from the brain to the rest of the body through the spinal nerves and collecting the sensory information that the nerves receive.

Definition of spinal cord in Spanish

Cordón de tejido nervioso, localizado en el canal vertebral, encargado de llevar los impulsos nerviosos del encéfalo al resto del cuerpo a través de los nervios raquídeos y viceversa.

See more

n. cerebrum

Translation: cerebro

Definition of cerebrum in English

Largest structure of the encephalon, composed of nerve tissue, which centralizes cognitive and emotional functions and controls the majority of vital functions.

Definition of cerebrum in Spanish

Estructura más voluminosa del encéfalo, formada por tejido nervioso, cuya función principal es centralizar las actividades cognitivas y emocionales, así como controlar la mayoría de las actividades vitales.

See more

n. brain

Translation: encéfalo

Definition of brain in English

Part of the central nervous system in vertebrates, protected inside the cranial cavity, composed of the cerebrum, the cerebellum, and the brainstem.

Definition of brain in Spanish

Parte del sistema nervioso central de los vertebrados, encerrada y protegida en la cavidad craneal, formada por el cerebro, el cerebelo y el tronco encefálico.

See more

n. cerebellum

Translation: cerebelo

Definition of cerebellum in English

Posterior part of the encephalon, consisting of a mass of nerve tissue with the main functions of coordinating the muscles, ensuring balance, and controlling involuntary movements.

Definition of cerebellum in Spanish

Parte posterior del encéfalo, constituida por una masa de tejido nervioso, cuya función principal es coordinar los músculos, mantener el equilibrio y controlar los movimientos involuntarios.

See more

n. hypothalamus

Translation: hipotálamo

Definition of hypothalamus in English

Central portion of the base of the vertebrate brain, which regulates the endocrine system and various processes of the autonomic nervous system.

Definition of hypothalamus in Spanish

Porción del cerebro de los vertebrados, localizada en la zona central de su base, cuya función principal es regular las funciones viscerales autónomas y endocrinas.

See more

n. brainstem

Translation: tronco encefálico

Definition of brainstem in English

Part of the brain which connects the cerebrum and the cerebellum to the spinal cord.

Definition of brainstem in Spanish

Parte del encéfalo que conecta el cerebro y el cerebelo con la médula espinal.

See more

n. meninx

Translation: meninge

Definition of meninx in English

Membrane that covers the entire central nervous system, serving to protect it.

Definition of meninx in Spanish

Membrana que recubre todo el sistema nervioso central, cuya función principal es protegerlo.

See more

n. pineal gland

Translation: glándula pineal

Definition of pineal gland in English

Small endocrine gland, centrally located in the vertebrate brain, whose primary function is the production of melatonin in order to regulate sleep patterns.

Definition of pineal gland in Spanish

Pequeña glándula endocrina localizada en el cerebro de los vertebrados, encargada de secretar melatonina y regular los ritmos circadianos.

See more

n. pituitary gland

Translation: glándula pituitaria

Definition of pituitary gland in English

Gland located at the base of the vertebrate brain, whose main function is to maintain homeostasis through the endogenous secretion of hormones.

Definition of pituitary gland in Spanish

Glándula localizada en la base del cerebro de los vertebrados, cuya función principal es mantener la homeostasis a través de la secreción endógena de hormonas.