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String Instruments II

String Instruments II
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noun harp

Translation: arpa

Definition of harp in English

Plucked string instrument of varying sizes consisting of a triangular frame and vertical strings that are played with both hands.

Definition of harp in Spanish

Instrumento de cuerda pulsada compuesto por un marco triangular de dimensiones variables, con cuerdas dispuestas verticalmente que se tocan con los dedos de ambas manos.

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noun lyre

Translation: lira

Definition of lyre in English

Plucked string instrument, similar to the harp but with a horseshoe-shaped body, characteristic of Ancient Greece.

Definition of lyre in Spanish

Instrumento de cuerda pulsada similar al arpa en el que el arco tiene forma de herradura, muy característico de la Antigua Grecia.

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noun zither

Translation: cítara

Definition of zither in English

Plucked string instrument with a trapezoidal body and between twenty to thirty strings, which is played by placing it against a horizontal surface and moving a pick along the strings.

Definition of zither in Spanish

Instrumento de cuerda pulsada compuesto por una caja de resonancia trapezoidal que cuenta con entre veinte y treinta cuerdas, y se toca con púa apoyado en una superficie horizontal o entre las rodillas.

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noun violin

Translation: violín

Definition of violin in English

Bowed string instrument, the smallest in size and pitch of its family, consisting of a wooden body with a sound hole, a long, fretted neck, and four strings, which is held under the chin.

Definition of violin in Spanish

Instrumento de cuerda frotada, el menor en dimensiones y más agudo de su familia, compuesto por una caja de resonancia, un mástil con trastes y cuatro cuerdas, que se sostiene bajo la barbilla y se toca con un arco u ocasionalmente con los dedos.

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noun viola

Translation: viola

Definition of viola in English

Bowed string instrument that is held under the chin and played by moving a bow or fingers across the strings, slightly larger in size and lower in pitch than a violin.

Definition of viola in Spanish

Instrumento de cuerda frotada de sonido más grave y dimensiones ligeramente mayores que las del violín, que al igual que este se toca con arco u ocasionalmente con los dedos.

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noun cello

Translation: violonchelo

Definition of cello in English

Bowed string instrument and second largest in the violin family that is held vertically between the knees and played by moving a bow or fingers across the strings.

Definition of cello in Spanish

Instrumento de cuerda frotada, el segundo más grande de la familia del violín, que se coloca entre las rodillas apoyado verticalmente sobre el suelo y se toca con un arco o con los dedos.

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noun bass

Translation: contrabajo

Definition of bass in English

Bowed string instrument and the largest in size and lowest in pitch of the violin family, which is stood upright on the floor and played by moving a bow or fingers across the strings.

Definition of bass in Spanish

Instrumento de cuerda frotada, el mayor en dimensiones y gravedad dentro de la familia del violín, que se apoya verticalmente sobre el suelo y se toca de pie con un arco o con los dedos.